Pompeii was partially destroyed and buried under 13-20 ft. of ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius on August 24, AD 79. The 2nd largest city of its time was lost for nearly 1700 years before its rediscovery in 1748.  This UNESCO World Heritage Site attracts approximately 2 1/2 million visitors every year.

    Details of everyday life are preserved. For example, on the floor of one of the houses (Sirico's), a famous inscription “Salve, lucru” (Welcome, money), perhaps humorously intended, indicates a trading company owned by two partners, Sirico and Nummianus (but this could be a nickname, since nummus means coin, money). Other houses provide details concerning professions and categories, such as for the "laundry" workers . Wine jars have been found bearing what is apparently the world's earliest known marketing pun , Vesuvinum (combining Vesuvius and the Latin for wine, vinum). Graffiti carved on the walls provides information on street Latin.

    The public bath and pool was quite sophisticated.  The first room was a “Frigidaire.”  The sauna had several levels for water to be thrown on the hot coals.  Of the 15 laundries, only one survived.  Clothes were first washed with urine, then water, then soap.  Maybe Vesuvius had just had enough......

An artist’s inaccurate depiction of the eruption includes the Temples of Jupiter and Apollo, which had been destroyed in an earthquake 17 years earlier.

Note the indentations of cartwheels in the stone pavement.

Huge boulders at intersections indicated that carts were not allowed on that street.

If you missed the brothel house, just look for a penis in the road, pointing the way.

A tiled foyer entrance to a wealthy house.  (Gate is from current time, to keep visitors off the tiles.)

Carved marble around an entrance is protected against nature and visitors.

OMG, a tuk-tuk (everywhere in Guatemala) in Italy; Italians call them “bumblebees.”

In the morning, we spent a couple hours in Sorrento before going to Pompeii.